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Before you can take the practical test (oral and flight) for the Instrument Rating you must meet the following:

  • Hold at least a private pilot certificate or be concurrently applying for a private pilot certificate (Part 141 training only)

  • Be at least 17 years of age

  • Be able to read and speak English

  • Receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor (CFI-I) or accomplish a home-study course of training

  • Receive an endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that you are prepared to take the computer-based knowledge test

  • Pass the computer-based knowledge test with a score of 70% or better

  • Receive the minimum hours of flight training from an instructor

  • Log the minimum hours of instrument flight time

  • Receive an endorsement from an instructor who has conducted your training stating that they believe you are prepared to PASS the practical test

The minimum flight experience required for the Instrument Rating practical test includes (14 CFR 61.65):

  • As Pilot in Command (PIC)

    • 50 hours of cross country flight time

  • 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time

    • 15 hours with an authorized instructor (CFI-I)

      • A flight of at least 250 nautical miles along airways or ATC directed routing from an air traffic control facility

        • An instrument approach at each airport

        • 3 different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems

      • 3 hours of flight training with an instructor within the preceding 2 calendar months from the month of the test